Badminton Equipment Explained For Beginners

Badminton Equipment Explained For Beginners

Badminton is an ancient game that has withstood the test of time for over 200 years. The game is still popular and highly competitive in modern times. 

A History of Badminton

The game of badminton has ancient roots tracing their way back to the 1860s. It was originally invented as “poona” in India before it was imported to England by the British army. 

They modified the game into a competitive sport and it quickly became popular. The Badminton Association of England formed in 1895 along with the modern rules of this game.

Badminton Equipment Explained For Beginners

For the purpose of playing this game, specific badminton equipment, accessories, and facilities are necessary. 

Badminton Equipment

Badminton requires only a few pieces of equipment to get started. The rules of the game are also simple. 

The Badminton Racquet

A racquet is the core of this game. The badminton racquet is the lightest in all racquet sports. 

It is lightweight due to the materials that go into the construction. For instance, aluminum and carbon fiber are common elements used. In other instances, alloys such as boron and ceramic make excellent substitutes. 

Badminton racquets do not weigh any more than 100 grams.

The choice of material has an effect on the following characteristics of the racquet:

  • String tension
  • Balance points
  • Weight 

Deciding on the right racquet might take time and a lot of practice.

The Badminton racquet has four parts: handle, shaft, throat, and the head. The longest racquet is 27.7 inches with a width of 9 inches.

The hitting surface is made of strings with various tensions stretching across the racquet in checkered design. The strings form a hitting surface.

Badminton racquets vary in cost depending on where they purchased. If it is your first time buying one, we recommend that you go to a physical shop where you can get the feel of the racquet. 

What You Need To Know About Badminton String Tensions

The power of your badminton serve originates from the string. For this reason, it is crucial to understand how the string tension may affect the game. 

When you adjust the string tension, you adjust the power to direct the shot.

  • All strings are elastic. Therefore, your racquet strings will gradually start losing tension from the moment they were set up. This is known as tension creep.
  • With rigorous practice, a badminton player will improve their technique and precision, they will benefit from higher tension. The shuttle travels off the hitting surface faster so that they can have better control of their serves.
  • There is a sweet spot on every racquet. The sweet spot is that space on the racquet that gives off the most power when you hit the shuttle.
  • If you are starting out on this sport, you will miss the shuttle with the wrong parts of the string bed. Therefore, you should use a lower tension because the sweet spot will be bigger.
  • Higher string tension provides more force and control, but only if you are able to continuously hit the sweet spot. 

Note: racquet strings set a high-tension break easily if a miss hit occurs. This is because the strings are so tightly wound. 

The Shuttlecock

In sports circles, the shuttlecock is fondly known as a birdie or just a shuttle. It is like a ball in other sports. 

The design of the birdie is intentional to create the highest drag possible as it flies through the air. The feathers at the tip only serve to enhance the drag.

The birdie is cone-shaped with a hard corked tip. High-end shuttles are made of feathers while cheaper ones are made of plastic feather imitations. However, shuttlecocks can be made from a variety of other materials. 

We recommend that beginners use plastic birdies for practice. Plastic birdies are more durable than the feather ones and are also less costly to replace. 

Feathered shuttles are more commonly used by professionals in sports tournaments. They are unsuited for learners because they damage easily when the wrong technique is used to hit them.

Plastic shuttles tend to be heavier and therefore travel over short distances. This fact helps you build energy in your swing. When you transition into feathers, it will be easier. 

The shuttlecock has 16 feathers at the base with the length of the feathers ranging from 2.4 to 2.8 inches. 

The shuttle weighs 4.74 g to 5.5 g. 

Badminton Shoes

Badminton shoes are specially designed to give you traction while running and braking in the court. 

They are also light with thick padding to absorb the impact of jumping and landing. Feel free to use heel cups on your shoes if you play often. 

Please do not wear running shoes to the court since the footwear does not have the right amount of grip. You will end up crashing and losing points if you don’t stop to return a shot.


The role of the net is to separate the court for the opponents. The length of this net is subjective to whether it is a doubles or singles game. 

In a singles game, the length is at least 17 feet while for a doubles game it is 22 feet long. 

The placement of the net is lower than a volleyball net since it is erected at 5” 1’. The center of the net stands at five feet. The width of the net is 30 inches. 

Badminton Facilities

The badminton court is generally 44 by 22 feet in dimensions during doubles. For singles, the court measures 44 by 17 feet.

Indoor badminton courts should have ceilings high enough so that the shuttle can fly across the net without striking the ceiling.

The height of the ceiling is subject to the playing techniques of the players.

Badminton Accessories

Badminton Equipment Explained For Beginners

Besides the standard badminton equipment, there are a couple of accessories to further enhance the playing experience. These accessories include:

  • Grip
  • Badminton attires
  • Socks
  • Headband
  • Wrist band


A badminton grip is a material used on the handle of the racquet to absorb sweat and provide a dry feeling. 

There are three kinds of badminton grips that players use. They are a replacement grip, an overgrip, and a towel grip. 

Replacement Grip

A replacement grip is used instead of the initial grip. Just like its name suggests it replaces the grip that came attached to the racquet upon purchase.

The replacement grip is thicker than the original. The most commonly used grip is one made out of polyurethane. 

The padded PU material is a comfortable cushion for your hands against the racquet. The bonus is that they are excellent at both sweat and shock absorption.


An overgrip does what its name says. It is wrapped on top of an original grip or over a replacement grip. Their purpose is to provide an even thicker grip which increases the power of your play. 

Overgrips work similarly to replacement grips except that they are thinner and cheaper. 

By itself, if an overgrip is wrapped directly to the surface of the racquet handle, it would be too thin and barely effective. 

Like replacement grips, overgrips are commonly made of polyurethane material.

Towel Grip

Towel grips are different from both overgrips and replacement grips in that they are made of cotton fabric. 

Towel grips are significantly thicker and add a lot of weight to the racquet. This adds some energy to your play.

Cotton is a highly absorbent material for sweat. 

Badminton Clothes

Badminton clothes should be comfortable cotton T-shirts and shorts. Neither of these pieces of clothing should hinder your movements in the slightest. 

Most commonly worn are round neck or collared cotton t-shirts and light shorts of the same fabric.


Badminton socks, like your t-shirts and shorts, should be made out of cotton. They should be thick to absorb sweat and to prevent your feet from sliding inside the shoes. 

Avoid nylon socks at all costs since they do not absorb sweat. 

Wrist Band

Wristbands are ideal for players who sweat a lot. They’ll stop sweat from trickling into your palms and racquet handle.


Headbands are an almost indispensable piece of badminton wear. Their most important role is to prevent forehead sweat from blinding you. 

Headbands also hold back your hair so that you can play undistracted. 

If you wear glass while playing, they will stop your lenses from fogging up.

How to Play Badminton For Beginners

Badminton Equipment Explained For Beginners

The rules for playing badminton are pretty straightforward. The serving rules are as follows.

  • You must hit the shuttle below your waist-length, sending it diagonally into the opposing player’s box. Both sides must stay stationary until the birdie is served.
  • In a singles game, the server begins the game from the right. They will start from that service court each time they accrue an even amount of points. 
  • On the other hand, when they have an odd number of points, a player will serve from the left service court.
  • The player with the winning points will make the serve.
  • In a doubles game, the server will stand at the right-hand side and will keep serving from that end. The server alternates the right-hand side with their teammates if they keep winning.
  • When the receiving side goes a point up, they take over the serve. The players who did not take the first serve from each side will only do so when their side goes a point up as receivers.


When you are choosing your badminton equipment, go with what is comfortable and appropriate rather than the aesthetics. 

Keeping this in mind, let it guide you in your next gear shopping spree.


1. What is the difference between badminton and other racquet sports?

Badminton stands out from other racquet sports because it uses a conical shuttlecock rather than a rounded ball. 

2. What do you call the badminton ball?

Badminton is played with an aerodynamic projectile called a shuttlecock, sometimes known as a birdie or shuttle.

The shuttlecock is streamlined due to its conical shape that creates drag as it fliers from one service box to another.

The feather shuttlecock is extremely lightweight so it is recommended to play professional badminton indoors. Doing this prevents the flight of the birdie from being blown away by the wind.

3. Is badminton an Olympic game?

Yes, badminton has been a professional Olympic sport all the way back to 1992. Badminton has five competitive categories. These include:  

  • Women singles and men’s singles
  • Women doubles and men doubles
  • Mixed doubles

4.Can you explain the scoring system in badminton?

At this moment, the scoring system is known as the 3 x 21 rally point system. This means the best of three games decide who the winner is. 

Each game is played up to 21 points. There needs to be two points difference after reaching 21 points. If this does not happen, scores will go up to 30 points at most to decide the winner.

5. What is the minimum height requirement for a badminton court?

There are no minimum height restrictions for a badminton court stated in the game rules. 

Ideally, the indoor arena should be high enough such that high servings have no danger of hitting the ceiling.

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