Dating back to the 19th Century, "badminton" was derived from the Duke of Beaufort's "Badminton House". While the exact time and date still remain obscured, one can trace the origin of this beautiful game to this time period. Badminton is a game that involves the use of a racquet to hit a shuttlecock across a net.
Although the game of badminton can be played by larger teams, the most common forms of this game are "doubles" and "singles". As the name suggests, the double form of this game is played by two players per end while the single game is played with one player at each end. While this game is seen as an outdoor gaming activity, all official or formal games are played on a rectangular court. To earn points, each player would have to strike the shuttlecock with the help of the racquet, the sole aim being to land it on the opponent's side of the court.
Depending on the game form, each player(s) will simply strike the shuttlecock once before it passes to the opposite side of the net. Play end if the umpire or service judge calls a foul or if the shuttlecock hits the floor. Although this game originated in British India, it is currently dominated by players from Denmark and China, with the latter winning most of the recent competitions. In fact, badminton is an Olympic Sport and it currently has four events: women's doubles, men's doubles, men's singles, and women's single.
Badminton Court Dimensions and Measurements
The game of badminton is one that demands strength, agility, and high precision. Since it is an international game and if you're planning on building a badminton court, it is important that you make it standard with the right dimensions to provide players the right playing space.
As mentioned earlier, badminton needs precision and so does the court dimensions. There are standard rules that have been stipulated by the Badminton World Federation. To help you understand the various court dimensions of this beautiful game, this piece will take an in-depth look into the various measurements for each of the game forms.
Basically, a badminton court is rectangular in shape and divided by a net accurately into two equal rectangles. Depending on the form of game to be played, the standard-setting is that the court should be marked appropriately. Unlike the single court, double courts are wider but they are all the same length. Besides the width, the only exception between these courts is that the doubles court has a completely different back serve line which happens to be shorter than that of the single court. Over time, this line has become a cause of worry for new players.
The various lines marking the court are measured to be about 40mm (that is about 1.6 inches) wide. In most cases, these lines are either painted yellow or white. For badminton mats that are oftentimes used in this game, they have to be installed in such a way that they are in line with the measurements. Since the lines are used to define a specific area, they are part of the entire measurement.
Single Match Badminton Court Measurement
For single games, the following measurements are as follows. If you're planning on setting up a court, you need to take these measurements into consideration.
The length of a single court is divided into two equal parts, therefore meaning that each part is 22 ft. Also, the distance between the service line and net should be 6 ft 6 inches (1.98 meters).
Double Match Badminton Court Measurement
For all double games, these measurements should be as follows:
Like the single court, the length for a double court would have to be divided equally into two parts: 22 ft each. Also, the distance between the front service line and the line should be 6ft 6 inches (1.98 meters). The rear service line should be 2 ft 6 inches.
There are various dimensions of a badminton court and depending on the form you want to play, there are certain lines that define a specific area. These dimensions or lines include:
Short Service Line
Otherwise called the "Non-Volley Zone", the short service line has a measurement of 6 ft 6 inches from the centerline. Some of the time, the measurement could slightly increase to 7 ft 6 inches.
The Net Line
As the name suggests, this line is used to define and mark the area of the court where the net is placed. Each side of the net is exactly 22 ft 20 inches from the back boundary line.
The Center Line
This line basically divides a badminton court from the short service line to the back boundary line.
Back Boundary Line
This line is found and used in both double and single plays. It has been described as the outermost backline of any court.
Post and Racquet Measurements
When it comes to measurements, post and racquet are as important as the court. It is important that you stick to standard badminton principles.
The posts according to the standard should be 5 ft. 1 in. in height right from the surface of the court. Also, when the dimensions of the court are fully stretched, the posts would have to remain vertical. Additionally, the posts would need to be placed in the double sidelines regardless of if you're playing a double or single game. As a precautionary measure, the posts should not in any way extend way beyond the court into the sidelines.
Ideally, the shuttlecock should be made with only synthetic or natural materials. Regardless of the material used in the making of this piece of equipment, the flight characteristics must be the same as the others made with natural materials. Currently, there are tons of shuttlecock suppliers you can get this vital equipment from.
Like the shuttlecock, the racquet is another piece of equipment that is also important in the game of badminton. To ensure that no player has an undue or unfair advantage over another, the measurements for a racquet must be the same. The entire frame of the racquet must not exceed 2 ft 8 inches in length and 9 ft 1 inch in width. A racquet has various frames that include:
The Handle - this part is intended for the players to use as a grip.
The Head - this part of the racquet surrounds and bounds the stringed area. Since most players tend to hit or strike the racquet on the floor out of frustration, it is one of the parts that gets easily broken.
Stringed Area - as the name implies, this part of the racquet has all the strings and unlike any of the other parts, it has been designed to be the part a player uses to hit the shuttle with.
The Shaft - This is the part of the racquet that connects the handle to the head. It has been described by most people as the stick that goes from one of the parts to the other.
The Throat - although not being present in all racquet designs, this part works as a connector that joins the head and the shaft.
The stringed area is used to hit the shuttlecock and is more detailed due to its importance to the game.
Differences Between A Single and Double Badminton Court
As mentioned earlier, the measurements and standard of the single and double courts are the same, the difference being that the single games are played in a much smaller court space compared to the double games. This is logical and reasonable because the space of the singles game court needs to be concise for a player to conveniently and efficiently cover properly. For the double games, the standard and measurements are used in a bigger court space since two players have to share the responsibility of covering the area.
Oftentimes this beautiful game has been compared to tennis, but they are completely different. For example, in badminton, the service area is completely different depending on whether it's a single or doubles game you're playing. In tennis, there is absolutely no difference in serving positions in both single and double games.
There are actually a couple of differences between playing in a double and single court. In a single court game, the service position is elongated and this gives the players an opportunity to hit the ball really deep, thereby forcing the opponent to the distant part of the court. One of the core benefits of the elongated service position is that it makes it difficult for the opponent to cover the entire court space after struggling to return the serve, in the process decreasing their options of where to return the shuttlecock to. The con of this service position for an opponent or player who's not serving is that it makes it difficult for them to return the service as much as they would want to, making it easier for the other player to clinch a win.
Since the dimension of a single game court is 17 ft × 44 ft, this means that each player would need to cover about 374 square ft.
In a doubles game court, the service area is quite different. The alley is the service position in a doubles game and unlike the elongated service position of the singles game court, this alley offers players tons of serving options to choose from. Also, the service area for a singles game court happens to be a bit wider than that of the doubles game court. Since two players have the responsibility of covering the court in a doubles game, the service options for opponents are unlimited.
Strategies Implored By Players In A Badminton Court
To clinch a win in a badminton game, strategies would have to be used. These strategies could include serving the ball too fast, too slow, or even hitting it deeper. Regardless of what you have in mind as a badminton game-winning strategy, there are a couple of key on-court strategies.
In a singles game, the idea would be to tire out your opponent. To do this, the most efficient and arguably easiest strategy is to have them run around the court as much as possible. That is, you simply need to return the ball in distant corners of the court. Once your opponent is stressed out and already low on strength, it becomes easier to clinch a win. While this may take time to achieve, it has proven time and again to be one of the best on-court strategies out there.
For a doubles game, the idea would be to serve the ball to the width of the court. This will make it difficult for players to recover quickly, thereby limiting their returning options.
The game of badminton is one of the top games out there. Like every other outdoor game, there are standard measurements for courts that must be adhered to. We have discussed the court dimensions as well as some of the core differences between the singles and doubles games.